Tariffs and regulations

Tariffs and non-tariff barriers

Tariff

The Czech Republic is a member of the customs union, allowing the duty free exchange of goods free from other barriers to trade.

The customs rate is a two-column tariff based on the Harmonized System. Most duties are ad valorem (per cent), based on the GATT Valuation Code (approximately CIF value - Incoterms 2000). MFN rate applies to Australian goods.

Most imports from the non-EU countries are subject to rates of duty ranging from nil to 15 per cent, with the average rate around five per cent.

For more information contact the Customs Administration of the Czech Republic.

Non-tariff barriers

Import restrictions

All monopoly on foreign trade and all price controls have been abolished. Any firm or individual that is registered may now import goods from any country.

Administration of import registration and licensing is controlled by the License Office of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic.

Import licences are not required for most goods, although certain items are still subject to an automatic licensing system, including:

  • electric power
  • steel
  • crude oil
  • natural gas
  • some other chemicals
  • firearms
  • narcotics.

Some agricultural and food products are subject to an automatic licensing system. All import deposits have been removed.

The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU) and those rules and directives need to be respected.

Product certification, labelling and packaging

Product certification

Some products require certification before a declaration of conformity can be issued. Depending on the nature of the goods, a veterinary health certificate and/or a certificate of origin (for concessionary customs rates, if applicable) can also be required. Products containing genetically modified organisms require special approvals.

Labelling and marking

Instructions for use, description of a product and warranty must be written in Czech.

Special certificates

Health/veterinary certificates, issued by the appropriate authority in the country of origin, are required for shipments of animals and their products and plant and vegetable products.

In September 1997 Act #22/97 of Collection of Laws covering technical requirements for products was launched. The Act is completed by the Government Decree of Assumed Europe Duplicity to be applied for possible dangerous products (e.g. electrical appliances, toys, fireworks and cosmetics). Importer is obliged to sign the Statement of Conformity (required from safety point of view of the product) with an appropriate certification authority using proper prescribed procedure based on Paragraph 12, Article 4 a-h of Act #22/97 of Coll. to be able to meet Czech standards.

Packaging

No general requirements. Any specific requirements will be stipulated in the contract.

Goods should be securely packed, having due regard to the nature of the goods, means of transport and likely climatic conditions during transit and delivery.

Outer containers should bear consignee's mark and port mark and should also be numbered (to accord with packing list) unless their contents can be otherwise readily identified.

Sales contract number and country of origin must be shown on containers.

Methods of quoting and payment

Quotations in Pound Sterling or US dollars free on board (FOB), cost and freight (C&F) and cost, insurance and freight (CIF) (Incoterms 2000). Method of payment will be stipulated in the contract - credit terms may be requested.

Documentary requirements

Commercial invoice

Note: Documentation requirements are normally detailed in each individual contract.

No prescribed form and a minimum of three copies are required. The invoice must contain all details relevant to the shipment, including the sales contract number.

Bill of lading

The original is required for clearing goods through customs, to be issued in the number of copies requested by importer. 'To Order' bills are acceptable.

Packing list

Not obligatory, but it facilitates clearance.

Certificate of origin

May be requested within the terms of the contract - otherwise, only required for wine and wine distillates cleared under the MFN tariff.

Public health requirements

The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU) and these rules and directives need to be respected.

Imports of animals and animal products and of plants and vegetable products must be licensed by the License Authority of the Czech Ministry of Industry and Trade. The individual items are subject to the Notice #560/91, of the Law Digest and Act #147/96 of the Digest.

From import administration view, these products can be split into two groups. The first group covers live animals, foodstuffs and foodstuffs of animal origin and fodders, requires veterinary certificates by the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic. The second group, including plants and seeds, requires psychopathological sanitary certificates and in some cases even additional declaration by FITO Service.

These certificates are issued by the approved authority in the country of origin, in Australia this is usually the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources or the State Department of Agriculture. Consignments undergo either a psychopathological or veterinary examination at the frontier station of entry.

Specific requirements are normally stated in the sales contract.

Pharmaceuticals require an import license issued by the Ministry of Health. At the same time any pharmaceutical is subject to the registration by the State Institute of Pharmaceutical Control prior to import.

Electrical appliances, toys, fireworks and cosmetics must conform to safety regulations being identical with those of the EU.

Insurance

Depending on Incoterms (2000).

Weights and measures

The metric system