(Last updated: 25 Mar 2012)
Trends and opportunities
Clean Energy and Environment - China
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Austrade China’s Clean Energy and Environment (CEE) team has developed a co-ordinated marketing platform to introduce capable Australian firms into eco-projects, opportunities and contacts in China.
Austrade has developed a Chinese language directory to showcase the capabilities of Australian water, environmental, clean energy and green-building companies. The directory has been marketed to Chinese organisations pursuing major projects in relevant industry sectors, organisations such as urban and rural local authorities, state-owned conglomerates, energy generators and property managers.
Companies in this initiative are also able to connect via Austrade to CEE advisors working on-the-ground in China. These CEE advisors provide services ranging from legal, advisory, funding and business matching.
To apply to join our CEE China Directory, please apply here.
China is one of the world’s largest economies and the second largest energy consumer. Building-related energy consumption accounts for 30 per cent of the country’s total energy use. This figure rises to 40 per cent if manufacture and transport of building materials is considered. Half of the world’s buildings constructed between now and 2020 are expected to be in China. It is believed that if nothing is done to check the energy situation, building-related energy consumption in China will double by 2020.
Green building has been given great importance in both China’s 11th Five-Year-Plan and its medium and long-term plan for science and technology development. The 12th Five-Year-Plan will be from 2011-2015.
Many local governments have set up green building regulations in line with the national policies, in majority of the first tier cities, energy saving guidelines are set for all new buildings at design stage.
Some outcomes of this elevated emphasis include:
- The government has launched an ambitious plan to renovate existing buildings to make them more energy-efficient. Twenty-five per cent of the buildings in medium-sized cities and 10 per cent of those in small cities will be refurbished by 2020.
- The government has also indicated it will announce tax rebates and other financial incentives for the construction and purchase of energy efficient buildings in the future.
Ten key energy efficiency programs of the Chinese government:
- Upgrade coal-burning industrial boilers (kilns)
- Local co-generation
- Make use of exhaust heat and pressure
- Save and replace petroleum
- Energy conservation in electrical motors
- Optimisation energy system-through system optimisation design, technical renovation and improved management, to reach energy efficiency in key energy intensive industries
- Environment-friendly lighting-candescent lamp to light-emitting diode and high intensity discharge lamps
- Energy conservation in governmental departments
- Energy conservation in buildings – 50 per cent energy saving in residential buildings and public structures
- Build energy monitoring and technical service system
The annual building area of new building is: 2 billion square meters – more than 50 per cent of the global total.
The Chinese Green Building Assessment system (CGBA) was established in 2006. China set up a new building code in 2006 – 50-65 per cent energy saving for new buildings (based on the standard of 80s).
The concept of green building has been mainly adopted in commercial/public buildings; and higher-market residential apartments and houses(ie. LEED certified).
The Beijing government is determined to implement building energy saving policies by applying strict energy saving design standards in new building construction, and gradually conducting technical energy-saving renovations to existing buildings.
Four demonstration buildings have been constructed or are in the planning stages to promote the development of green building technology:
- China-USA energy efficiency demonstration building. The new Ministry of Science building is the first green building in China that meets internationally acknowledged energy efficiency criteria. The building uses 70 per cent less energy than similar federal buildings in the US and saves 10,000 tonnes of water annually through rainwater collection. Although more than 400 people work there, the building uses the amount of energy generally required for only 200 people.
- Renewable energy utilisation demonstration building. This building, owned by Tianpu Group, was constructed with the support of Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission. The building, with an area of 8,000sqm uses several advanced renewable energy technologies, including solar hot water technology, solar photovoltaic power generation technology, solar absorption heating and air conditioning technology, as well as ground source heat pumps.
- Advanced energy technology demonstration building at Beijing University of Technology. This building has a floor space of 5,000sqm and will house the Ministry of Education’s ‘Key Laboratory of Enhanced Heat Transfer and Energy Conservation’. Eleven advanced energy technologies will be integrated into the building including: ground-source heat pumps, energy efficient lighting, heat recovery, thermal energy storage, photo-catalytic air cleaning, anti-fouling technology, thermal insulation, solar concentrating photovoltaic power generation, wind power, energy consumption testing and humidity control.
- Super low energy consumption building at Tsinghua University. A super low energy consumption building of 2,800sqm using advanced technologies for clean energy and energy conservation. This includes solar energy, new heat storage technology, natural ventilation, green lighting technology and insulation.
By 2010, energy consumption in Shanghai is expected to drop by 20 per cent compared to that in 2005, with 15 per cent from energy-efficient buildings. In the coming five years, the city's 180 million square meters of new residential and public buildings will be 50 per cent more energy efficient. Energy saving renovations will be made on 30 million square meters of buildings, including 10 million square meters of residential buildings.
Shanghai ecology demonstration office building is the winner of the ‘Green Innovation Design Award’ and the ‘Top 10 Best Construction Achievement Award’. It uses 75 per cent less energy than comparable buildings. Twenty per cent of the total construction energy will be sourced from renewable energy. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) will not be used in the interior environment and much recycled material will be used.
Changsha–Zhuzhou-Xiangtang Green Cities Demonstration Project was established by the Hunan government to combine three cities, Changsha, Zhuzhou and Xiangtang, into one city cluster aiming to achieve sustainable economic development and eco-living environment through effective usage of resources, creating harmony between human activities and their environment. The Hunan government is providing financial support for the project, in Changsha alone, and US$4.5 billion is planned to be invested by 2011.
With very limited traditional and renewable energy resources, Guangdong is doing all it can to reduce energy consumption of industries, commercial and residential buildings. It is required that by 2010, the average energy consumption per GDP unit is to be reduced by 16 per cent comparing to 2005, and since 2006, a rigorous 50 per cent energy saving regulation has become mandatory to all new buildings in Guangdong.
Key green building projects include: Guangzhou University City, Guangzhou International Convention Exhibition Centre and Asian Games Town.
The Shenzhen Fraser Hotel (TaiGe service apartment) is the first LEED project in China received a LEED silver rating.
The Shenzhen China Merchants Bank Headquarter building is a LEED certified demonstration project.
The Shenzhen Vanke Real Estate Development Company is working with Holland Housing Department to design a residential housing project, with energy saving technologies from Holland.
- Architecture and design
- Interior design
- Urban planning
- Landscape design
- Engineering consultancy
- Energy efficient consultancy
- Building integrated renewable energy system
- Energy efficient lighting
- Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning
- Intelligent building management systems
- Water saving systems
- Water proofing systems
- Insulation materials
- High quality architectural paint
- Innovative building products of advance technologies
- Natural building materials of Australian characteristics such as sandstone, clay bricks
Other opportunities from the recent GBCA conference about green building in China include:
- Design theory, method and practice of green building
- Building intelligence
- Special eco-technologies for green building
- Advanced energy-efficient, environmental-friendly building materials; application of recyclable and reproducible building materials
- Development mode and technological approaches of green intelligent building based on the technological development of China's residence and real estate industry
- Engineering practice of existing building energy-saving renovation, design and evaluation technology on energy-conservation in buildings; control technology of heating measurement; technology of utilisation of natural cooling and heating energy
- Engineering practice and use of reproducible resources in buildings: such as solar energy, geothermal energy, methane in buildings
- Operation and supervision on energy conservation in large public buildings and energy conservation service market
- Heat-supply system reform and building resource conservation
- New materials and technologies of external insulation
Severe market competition which local presence and investment will provide some advantage over imported goods. International building products are competing for the Chinese market with local Chinese companies catching up quickly. For instance, Chinese companies are actively developing building integrated solar systems. Hence, a stronger competition in cost effective solutions is expected in future.