Last updated: 28 Nov 2014
Indonesia has long business hours with offices operating from 8.00am to 5.00pm with lunch from 12.00pm to 1.00pm and from 11.30am to 1.00pm on Fridays, which is Muslim pray day. Most businesses are closed on Saturday.
Malls, shops, restaurants and cafes commonly operate from 9.00am or 10.00am to 10.00pm every day. The capital city, Jakarta is also known as a city that never sleeps, with 24 hour cafes and restaurants located around the city.
Public holidays in Indonesia revolve around religious ceremony or celebration such as the Idul Fitri, Nyepi Day (Hindu procession), Easter, Veesak Day and Christmas.
Due to a large Muslim population most businesses are closed around seven to 14 days during the Idul Fitri break as most employees return to their home towns in different parts of Indonesia. Idul Fitri moves forward by around 2 weeks each year.
Public Holidays for 2015
January 1 - New Year's Day
January 3 - The Prophet Muhammad's Birthday
February 19 - Chinese Lunar New Year's Day
March 20 - Marchch equinox
March 21 - Bali's Day of Silence and Hindu New Year
April 3 - Good Friday
April 5 - Easter Sunday Observance
May 1 - International Labor Day
May 14 - Ascension Day of Jesus Christ
May 16 - Ascension of the Prophet Muhammad
June 2 - Waisak Day (Buddha's Anniversary)
June 21 - Solstice Season
July 16 - Joint Holiday before Idul Fitri
July 17 - Idul Fitri Day 1
July 18 - Idul Fitri Day 2
July 20 - Joint Holiday After Idul Fitri
July 21 - Second Joint Holiday After Idul Fitri
August 17 - Indonesian Independence Day
September 23 September equinox Season
September 24 Muslim Day of Sacrifice (Idul Adha)
October 14 - Muharram/Islamic New Year
December 22 - December Solstice Season
December 24 - Christmas Eve common leave
December 25 - Christmas Day
December 31 - New Year's Eve
The climate of Indonesia is tropical. The east monsoon, from June to September brings dry weather, while the west monsoon, from December to March brings rain.
Thunderstorms can happen at any time of the year and sudden flooding of roads and consequent traffic jams are common during the wet season.
Temperatures range from 21°C to 38°C, except at higher altitudes and humidity is high, 60 to 100 per cent.
Heaviest rainfall is recorded in December and February.
For weather details in Indonesia, please visit the World Meteorological Organization.
Oanda currency converter
The official currency is the Rupiah (IDR) and denominations range in coins from 100 to 1000 and in notes from 100 to 100 000.
Major foreign currencies can be exchanged for Indonesian rupiah with banks and authorised money exchangers at airports and in all of the major cities.
Major credit cards are widely accepted in supermarkets, department stores and tourist centres.
The maximum amount of Indonesian currency that you are permitted to take out without prior authorisation is equivalent to A$2000 or IDR2 000 000 per person.
Bank operational hours are from 9.00am to 3.00pm, Monday to Friday. Some banks operate half a day from 10.00am to 3.00pm on weekends at selected malls in Jakarta only.
ATMs are located in all banks easily accessible in major cities throughout the country and located inside malls, office buildings and other public areas.
Time zones and time differences
Indonesia is one to three hours behind Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) depending on the time zones.
Indonesia has three time zones:
- Western Indonesia Standard Time is three hours behind AEST and covers the islands of Sumatra, Java, Madura, Western and Central Kalimantan.
- Central Indonesia Standard Time is two hours behind AEST and covers Bali, East and South Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores and Timor.
- East Indonesian Standard Time is one hour behind AEST and covers Maluku and Irian Jaya (New Guinea).
To find out the current time in Jakarta, view the World Clock.
Indonesia's country code is +62.
For calls to Indonesia from Australia dial: 0011 + 62 + area code + telephone number.
For calls from Indonesia to Australia dial: 001 + 61 + area code + telephone number.
For further information (eg. area codes) please visit the White Pages - international dialling codes.
Electricity and water
Indonesia’s power supply is 220 volts, 50Hz. Outside Jakarta, it is sometimes 110 volts. Plugs are generally two-pin, European type.
Electricity is not very reliable in smaller cities and areas with occasional blackouts. Most properties, hotels and factories have their own back-up generators.
Tap water is not drinkable. Drink only bottled water.
Links and resources
Travel and tourism
Indonesia's Official Tourism Website
Indonesia travel for expats
Indonesia travel blog – Top 10 tourist attractions in Indonesia
Please note: this list of websites and resources is not definitive. Inclusion in this list does not imply endorsement by Austrade. The information provided is a guide only.
ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement
The AANZFTA is Australia’s largest free trade agreement and represents a population of 600 million and combined GDP of over A$3 trillion in 2008.
More information on AANZFTA
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
Multinational Enterprises should be aware of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises that provide voluntary principles and standards for responsible business behaviour in a variety of areas, consistent with applicable domestic laws. These Guidelines are endorsed and promoted by the Australian Government. For more information, go to the AusNCP website.
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a voluntary mechanism which promotes and supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the full publication and verification of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas, and mining.
The EITI is supported by governments, industry, and non-government organisations around the world. The Australian Government supports the EITI and encourages Australian companies operating internationally to comply with its recommendations.
APEC Business Travel Card Scheme
Managed by the Department of Immigration, the APEC Business Travel Card Scheme was developed to make travelling within the 21 APEC member countries much simpler and more efficient.
IP Passport fact sheets
These fact sheets outline foreign Intellectual Property (IP) regimes and some of the issues and challenges which may be faced by Australian exporters.
The current fact sheets are available on the IP Australia website.