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Clean energy to Taiwan

(Last updated: 31 October 2013)

Trends and opportunities

The market

Clean energy currently constitutes around 2 per cent of the total power generated in Taiwan. Crude oil and petrol along with coal continue to be the major sources of energy supplied in Taiwan, representing around 78 per cent of the total energy generated.

In response to climate change, the Taiwanese government has set a renewable energy target of 15 per cent, to be reached by 2025. As part of this two-staged process, energy sourced from clean energy is expected to reach 3,355MW in 2013. At the conclusion of the second stage in 2025, 8,450MW of power is expected to be derived from clean energy sources.
(Source: Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C., 2012)

 

Structure of Energy Supply in Taiwan, 2012

Taiwan energy sources
*Includes conventional Hydro power, biomass and waste, solar thermal, and solar photovoltaic, and Wind power.
(Source: Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C., 2012)

 

Sources of Clean Energy (excluding Thermal Energy), 2011/2012

Taiwan clean energy generation
*Thermal power generated 198,175.4 GWH in 2011, 196,400.9 GWH in 2012.
(Source: Bureau of Energy, (Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C., 2012)

Opportunities

Hydro

Hydro resources are mainly located in biologically sensitive regions of Taiwan. And as such, there is a limited scope for new development. However, there are opportunities for the repair, upgrade, and maintenance of existing infrastructure.

Wind

In accordance with the Taiwanese government’s target for offshore wind energy, wind power generation is expected to reach 4,200MW by 2030, with the planned construction of 1,000 offshore wind-turbines. Opportunities for Australian businesses include:

  • Australian wind developers to work with local partners to build offshore wind farms in Taiwan
  • Marine engineering eg. offshore wind farm vessels (cable laying, installation vessels, jack-up barges, O&M boats), offshore foundation engineering, geotechnical engineering, offshore substations, subsea cabling, offshore risk assessment (typhoon, earthquake, tsunami, animal impact)

Solar

A target of 3,100MW is expected to be generated by 2030. Government initiatives include the installation of one million solar panels on rooftops. Taiwan solar power developers are building solar farms in Taiwan and overseas. Japan and the US are the priority destinations for these investors. Opportunities for Australian businesses include:

  • Australian EPCs to work with Taiwan solar developers in these markets
  • Australian solar developers to build joint ventures with Taiwanese companies for investment projects in Australia
  • Australian research institutes to undertake R&D for higher efficiency and next generation technology

Biofuel

Exports and joint R&D on second and third generation technology.

Geothermal

The estimated output of energy for Taiwan’s 26 hot spring sites ranges from between 9MW to 500MW. Hot springs around the country hold potential to generate over 25GW of power. Opportunities exist for Australian geothermal energy developers to establish geothermal energy generation in Taiwan.

Ocean

According to studies published by National Taiwan University, there is in excess of 60GW resources that can be developed from the Kuroshio Current. Opportunities exist for Australian ocean energy developers to establish current generation in Taiwan.

Carbon capture and storage

Joint R&D

Energy storage

Joint R&D

LED

There are a number of LED lighting producers in Taiwan interested in establishing joint venture partnerships with Australia developers.

Tariffs, regulations and customs

The Renewable Energy Development Act was approved on 12 June 2009. The Act is a basic foundation for further development of feed-in-tariffs and subsidies.

Feed-in tariffs (NTD/kWh)

Energy sources Type Install capacity Phase I Phase II
Solar Rooftop 1~10KW 8.3971 8.1836
10~100KW 7.5432 7.3297
100~500KW 7.1162 6.9027
500KW and more 6.3334 5.9776
On-ground 1KW and more 5.9776 5.6218

Phase I: installation completion between 1 January 2013 ~ 30 June 2013
Phase II: installation completion between 1 July 2013 ~ 31 December 2013

 

Energy sources Type Install capacity (KW) NT$/kWh
Wind On-shore 1~10KW 7.3562
10KW and more 2.6258
  Off-shore 5.5626
Streamflow 2.4652
Geothermal 4.8039
Biomass Non-anaerobic digestion systems 2.4652
Anaerobic digestion systems 2.8014
Waste 2.8240
Others 2.4652

(Source: Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R.O.C., 2012)

Marketing your products and services

Market entry

For exports, it is recommended to approach system integrators, distributors, and associations.

For joint ventures, it is recommended to approach venture capital or individual companies.

For joint research, it is recommended to approach R&D centres and institutions in Taiwan, eg. the Metals Industry Research and Development Center (MIRDC), the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), Institute of Nuclear Energy Research (INER) and universities.

Distribution channels

Different sectors have their own segmentation; it is recommended to approach system integrators.

Links and industry contacts

Energy-related resources

Bureau of Energy – www.moeaboe.gov.tw
Energy Conservation – www.ecct.org.tw
Taiwan Fuel Cell Information – www.tfci.org.tw
Taiwan Photovoltaic Industry Association – www.tpvia.org.tw
Taiwan Wind Energy Association – www.twnwea.org.tw
Taiwan Wind Power Industry Association – www.twtia.org.tw
Thousand Wind Mill Platform - http://wind.itri.org.tw/Thousand/Offshore.aspx
Million Rooftop PVs Promotion Office - http://mrpv.org.tw/index.aspx

Australian resources

Clean Energy Council – www.cleanenergycouncil.org.au
The Department of Industry – www.ret.gov.au

Please note: this list of websites and resources is not definitive. Inclusion in this list does not imply endorsement by Austrade. The information provided is a guide only.

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