Types of consortia and approach to formation

Through research two types of approaches to consortia formation and three common types of consortia business models were identified:

Proactice approach Model: Members first come together, articulate their joint offering and collective value proposition, then identify opportunities based on the consortium’s collective offering and strengths.
Examples: OES & Swinburne Online; and Queensland Education & Skills Consortium 
Reactive or opportunistic approach
Model: A consortium formed in direct response to a presented opportunity and companies agree to work together to jointly pursue. Having a known and trusted network increases the likelihood of success of this model. 
Examples: Victoria Oil & Gas; UK colleges in Saudi Arabia
Industry focussed consortia
Members: Education and training providers and industry players work together to bring specific expertise to deliver a holistic solution for a particular industry.
Value Proposition: Industry members provide insights for course design relevant to the target country and potential job outcomes for students, and education providers bring curriculum and delivery experience.
Typical solutions/opportunities: Skills development in emerging economies for specific industries.
Example: German automotive companies and VET providers solution in India; Queensland mining consortium formed for industry opportunities in Latin America
State / territory focussed consortia
Members: Education and training providers from a state/territory work together. State/territory government may provide funding, business development support and opportunities, and bring suitable parties together and facilitate communications.
Value Proposition:  Government support brings credence to the venture especially in developing economies where the imprimatur of government is important. 
Typical solutions/opportunities: In response to foreign government led opportunities and request for proposals, or specific geographical pursuits.
Examples: Queensland Skills & Education Consortium; Victoria Oil & Gas Consortium
Edtech-education provider consortia
Members: Edtech companies, education providers and/or industry players
Value Proposition: Edtech companies bring online delivery solutions, agility, plug and play platforms, and other tools for learner engagement like gamification. Education providers bring tested curriculum and academic rigour. Edtech companies are born global and tend to work internationally and may bring in-country connections which could benefit the consortium. 
Typical solutions/opportunities: Corporate, industry or professional training courses delivered on-line.
Examples: Online Education Services & Swinburne Online, NSW Global Scope