Tariffs and regulations

Tariffs and duty rates are constantly revised and are subject to change without notice.

Austrade strongly recommends you reconfirm these prior to selling to India.

For further information please visit the Indian Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs.

Tariffs and non-tariff barriers


Use the Customs Duty Calculator to determine import duties.

For more information, refer to India’s Foreign Trade Policy for 2015-2020.

Product certification, labelling and packaging


Outer containers should bear consignee and port mark and be numbered (to accord with packing list) unless their contents can be otherwise readily identified. Gross weight must be shown on two faces.


Packing should be strong and should guard against extreme heat and humidity in summer and possible storage in the open and pilferage. Steel strapping is recommended.

Special certificates

Livestock imports must be accompanied by a sanitary certificate issued and certified by an approved authority in the country of origin.

Plants, plant products and leaf tobacco require phytosanitary certificates issued by an approved authority in the country of origin and certified by an approved organisation.

Additionally, leaf tobacco must be accompanied by a special certificate stating that the tobacco is free from ephestia elutella or that the pest does not exist in the country of origin. Any shipment of tobacco leaf arriving without the above certificate will be examined by an Indian Government inspector and a fee charged.

Used clothing requires a certificate of fumigation issued by an approved authority in the country of origin.

Port wine requires a certificate indicating alcoholic content and spirits may need a certificate of maturity.

Methods of quoting and payment

Quotations are usually required to indicate free on board (FOB) or cost, insurance and freight (CIF) prices, with freight and insurance charges separately shown. They should be expressed in US dollars or Indian rupees. Quotes to government purchasing agencies should be both FOB and CIF.

Payment is normally by irrevocable letter of credit. For government contracts, terms of 90 days or more are usually requested.

Documentary requirements

Commercial invoice

No prescribed form listed. A minimum of four copies is required and must be signed by the supplier in exporting country. The invoice must show details such as:

  • country of origin
  • consignee's name
  • number and date of letter of credit and import licence number
  • terms of payment
  • name of carrier
  • number
  • description and identifying marks of outer containers.

Detailed description of the goods including quantity, weight (gross and net), value, shipping charges and insurance.


Normal commercial practice.

Bill of lading

Minimum of two copies normally required. To Order bills are also acceptable.

Freight charges must be stated separately and quantities must be indicated in metric terms.

Import reference number and letter of credit number are to be shown.

Must indicate the name and address of the applicant and the issuing bank.

Packing list

Not compulsory, but facilitates clearance.

Certificate of origin

Issued by local Chamber of Commerce (three copies normally required).

Public health requirements

Live animals, plants, and parts of plants must be accompanied by health certificates issued by an approved authority in the country of origin. In Australia this is usually the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS), Commonwealth Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry-Australia or the relevant state department of agriculture and must be certified by an approved authority.

Plants may be imported only through ports where fumigation and inspection facilities are available.

Fruit, vegetables and all foodstuffs are subject to inspection on arrival.

Food quality and purity are subject to strict national and state regulations. The requirements also extend over the use of preservatives, colouring matter, artificial sweeteners, containers and their marking and labelling.

Drugs are subject to stringent controls covering import, manufacture, distribution and sale. Imported drugs require prior sampling and testing. Legal standards used for drugs are the British Pharmacopoeia and the US National Formulary.