Tariffs and regulations
Tariffs and duty rates are constantly revised and are subject to change without notice.
Austrade strongly recommends you reconfirm these prior to selling to Libya.
Australian companies requiring further information on the UN sanctions imposed on Libya are advised to contact The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Visit Libya Customs Information.
Tariffs and non-tariff barriers
Single-column tariff, based on the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature (CCCN). Tariff (single column) ad valorem on the cost, insurance and freight (CIF) value, plus a 10 per cent customs surcharge. The exceptions are goods imported by oil or petroleum firms, which are generally not taxed.
UN sanctions against Libya have been lifted temporarily and trade may be resumed normally except for some sensitive products or services, which need prior approval from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) or Department of Defence in Australia, depending on the type of product. Commitments of a long-term nature must be treated with caution since sanctions could be reimposed.
The provision of services associated with the training of Libyan pilots, flight engineers or aircraft and ground crew associated with the operation of aircraft and airfields within Libya, is still considered a sensitive issue and advice should be sought prior to commitment.
The export from Australia of commodities can be undertaken freely, such as:
- live animals
- processed food products
- mechanical handling equipment
- oil exploration
- agricultural services.
The Libyan Government is able to pay for goods and services, by direct payment to the supplier. Import trade by private companies and partnerships is permitted for goods which are not classed as strategic and for goods not contained in the annual Commodity Budget. The importer is subject to licensing, administered by the Secretariat of Economy and Foreign Trade.
Goods listed in the annual Commodity Budget may be imported only by state owned enterprises. Foreign exchange is allocated through the Exchange Control Department of the Central Bank. Allocation is dependent upon the establishment of a firm contract and the issue of an import licence.
Exercise caution when entering into any financial commitment concerning export of goods or services to this country in view of certain changes in regulations which are not pre-advised. It is advisable that exports are covered by pre-opened letters of credit duly confirmed by a first class bank outside Libya. CAD terms of payment should be avoided and the preferred currency is US dollars or DEM.
Product certification, labelling and packaging
All plants and plant products require import permits, as well as phytosanitary certificates. Meat requires a halal certificate to the effect that it has been slaughtered according to the Islamic laws. This must be legalised by an Arab Embassy, if no Libyan Embassy is established. Such a certificate is not required for meat cuts of less than two kilograms in weight.
All foods require a health certificate. A certificate of purity legalised by the Embassy is required for all medical goods and drugs.
Methods of quoting and payment
Quotations in Australian dollars should be avoided. Quotations should be cost and freight (C&F) Libyan port in US dollars or DEM or any other major currency agreed upon between the parties concerned - preferably by pro-forma invoice.
Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF) quotations are acceptable for cash against documents (CAD) shipments only. Payment is usually by letter of credit but CAD should be avoided at all costs.
Fax signatures are not permitted. Pro-forma invoices are not compulsory but will usually be requested by importer and will greatly assist in arranging insurance.
No prescribed form, but must be signed by exporter and be certified by an approved authority, prior to legalisation by an Arab Consulate. Importer will specify number of copies. The invoice must show the following:
- detailed description of goods
- ·number and description of packages, marks and numbers of individual packages
- gross and net weights or quantities
- freight, insurance and any other charges
- any information in respect of value of goods at place of purchase
- country of origin
- place of shipment and destination of goods
Where customs duty varies according to composition of goods, e.g. textiles, a statement showing the percentage composition must be included.
Certificate of origin
A certificate of origin is required for all imports. No prescribed form, but the original is required by Libyan Customs. It must include name of company or factory which produced the goods and be certified by an approved authority (see 'Guidelines', section 2.3) and then by the Libyan Embassy.
Goods re-exported to Libya through intermediate countries must be accompanied by a certificate of origin from the original source of manufacture.
Certificates issued for Australian goods by Maltese or UK Chambers of Commerce are not acceptable.
The following statement must appear in the certificate of origin and be signed by the shipper: 'We hereby certify that the goods enumerated in this invoice are not of Israeli origin nor do they contain Israel materials. Also the goods are not shipped by a vessel on the Arab Blacklist or calling at any Israeli port.'
Bill of lading/airway bill
No special requirements. The number of copies will be specified. The bill of lading must include:
- marks of identification, name and address of consignee
- quantities, weights and value (which must agree with those shown on the commercial invoice)
There are no specific packaging requirements, although packaging should be strong and should guard against extreme heat in summer, humidity in winter, and possible brief periods of storage in the open.
Outer containers should bear the consignee's mark and port mark and be numbered (to accord with packing list) unless their contents are such that they can be otherwise readily identified. Although not compulsory, it is advised that all printed contents be in Arabic or French.
The usual documentation includes:
- pro forma invoice (if requested by the buyer)
- commercial invoice
- certificate of origin
- bill of lading (number required varies
There are special certificates required for plants, meats, foodstuffs, and medical goods.
For foodstuffs, the date of manufacture, expiry date of fitness for human consumption and the conditions of storage and preservation should all be written in Arabic. Trademarks should be clearly shown.
Public health requirements
Plants and plant products are subject to inspection by the Libyan Phytosanitary Service before release by customs
Drugs and pharmaceuticals are subject to special regulations laid down by Ministry of Health. These may be imported only by qualified and registered medical, veterinary practitioners and pharmacists.
Eggs must be marked with the name of the exporting company, the country of origin and the date of production. The import and use of insecticides is subject to special regulations.
Must be effected through a Libyan company or agency if importer wishes to establish letters of credit. Normal practice may be followed with CAD shipments.
Weights and measures
The metric system