Market profile

The Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force on 1 January 2005. The AUSFTA is an agreement that gives Australian businesses greater opportunities for two way trade and investment with the world’s largest consumer market.

The agreement has played an important role in drawing US attention towards Australia as an innovative and significant global partner. AUSFTA reduced tariffs, increased quotas, granted greater intellectual property protection, opened two-way investment and eased some market restrictions in the Buy American Act.

The AUFSTA provides a great example of a modern, bilateral trade agreement that has brought and will continue to bring trade and investment benefits to Australia.

More information on doing business in United States of America

Significant changes to US-bound air cargo screening requirements

On 1 July 2017, new security requirements for US-bound air cargo come into force. Complying with this new requirement will require Australian-based exporters, freight forwarders and airlines to adopt new security measures for the preparation of US-bound air cargo.

Find out more information about changes to air freight screening

US industry information:


US cluster reports:


  • Imports from United States of America A$47,323 million
  • Exports to United States of America A$21,917 million
  • Capital Washington DC
  • Official Language English
  • Area 9,147,420 sq km
  • Population 321.6 million


Country information provided by DFAT

Country brief

A comprehensive overview of political, economic and bilateral and regional trade agreements.

» read more at DFAT

Trade and economic fact sheet

Containing general information, recent economic indicators, Australia’s trade and investment relationship with United States of America and their global merchandise trade relationship that is updated twice a year.

» read more at DFAT


Australia's trade at a glanceAustralia's top ten trading partners

Free Trade Agreement

Information on Trade Agreements in force and in negotiation, plus market videos detailing insights and opportunities.

» read more at DFAT

Business risks

Bribery of Foreign Officials

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

Multinational Enterprises should be aware of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises that provide voluntary principles and standards for responsible business behaviour in a variety of areas, consistent with applicable domestic laws. These Guidelines are endorsed and promoted by the Australian Government.

IP Passport fact sheets

These fact sheets outline foreign Intellectual Property (IP) regimes and some of the issues and challenges which may be faced by Australian exporters.

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a voluntary mechanism which promotes and supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the full publication and verification of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas, and mining.

The EITI is supported by governments, industry, and non-government organisations around the world. The Australian Government supports the EITI and encourages Australian companies operating internationally to comply with its recommendations.

Bilateral agreements

Australia has social security agreements with several countries that address the issue of 'double super coverage' for employees sent to work overseas. To take advantage of these agreements, Australian employers sending employees overseas to work must apply to the Tax Office for a Certificate of coverage.

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Export grants

Need help with preparing and lodging your application? We can provide independent consultants to assist.

EMDG applications can be lodged by approved consultants.

Visit the Consultants page

How Austrade can help

Austrade provides information, advice and range of trade services to assist Australian businesses reduce the time, cost and risk associated with exporting.

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