Zambia has fully privatised its air services, following the liquidation of Zambia Airways in 1994. There are around 15 private airlines but Zambian Airways, formed in 1999, has become the de facto national carrier.
A number of African airlines fly to Lusaka but only British Airways and South African Airways operate intercontinental flights. The National Airports Corporation manages four international airports: Lusaka, Livingstone, Ndola and Mfuwe.
Driving in Zambia can be dangerous owing to the state of the roads. Bad driving habits, poorly maintained vehicles, animals wandering onto roads and inadequate road lighting also pose safety risks when driving.
Zambia has hotels of international standard, which provide first class business and conference facilities. Hotel accommodation prices vary according to the level of facilities and location. With tourism being a priority sector, it is expected that there will be an increase in the investment in the development of hotel accommodation in Lusaka.
Tipping is normally around 10 per cent but not compulsory.