Infrastructure to India

The Indian government’s National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) sets out opportunities for key greenfield and brownfield projects across economic and social infrastructure sub sectors. Total project cost is A$2.5 trillion (Source: India Investment Grid, National Infrastructure Pipeline, accessed 17 November 2020).

The main opportunities for Australian businesses are in:

  • built environment
  • road safety
  • rail
  • urban water

(Source: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, An Indian Economic Strategy to 2035, 2018).


Built environment

India’s real estate industry is transforming. It is expected to:

  • contribute 13% to India’s GDP by 2025
  • reach a market size of A$1.4 trillion by 2030

(Source: CBRE, India 2030: Exploring the Future, 2020)

There are significant opportunities for international expertise and solutions.

Opportunities include:

  • partnering with developers in urban modernisation schemes
  • contributing technical expertise as demand rises for quality, sustainable commercial buildings. This includes mixed-use buildings
  • conceptual architectural design and consulting services
  • smart building management solutions and construction technologies
  • integrated transit management and urban design
  • smart water and waste-management solutions


India has the world’s third-largest rail network. Large modernisation projects are under way. Priority projects include:

  • electrification
  • dedicated freight corridors
  • metropolitan rapid transit systems
  • private passenger services
  • station re-development

Opportunities include:

  • infrastructure, design and engineering consultancy
  • safety systems for improved traffic management and passenger protection
  • artificial intelligence and analytics-based screening and safety solutions
  • predictive maintenance, system monitoring and control
  • manpower training and skilling
  • coach interiors and equipment

Road safety and intelligent transport systems

Road safety is a major opportunity. India has less than 3% of the world’s vehicles and about 12% of the world’s road deaths (Source: World Bank, Helping India reduce its Road Fatalities by Half through a Central Road Safety Strategy, 2019).

The Indian federal and state governments want to act. International agencies have budgets. The World Bank and Asian Development Bank are committed to funding road safety projects in India.

Opportunities include:

  • road safety-management systems
  • road asset-management systems
  • road safety audits
  • speed enforcement technologies and Intelligent Transport Systems
  • parking management systems
  • crash barriers, weighing bridges and associated technologies and services
  • trauma care and post-crash response expertise


India is the world’s largest user of ground water. About 80% of citizens depend on it for daily needs (Source: World Bank, World Bank Signs Agreement to Improve Groundwater Management in Select States of India, 2020).

Multiple water projects are underway. These include the A$1.2 billion Atal Bhujal Yojana initiative. This is a World Bank-funded sustainable ground water management project.

Australia and India have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on water resource management. It is part of their Comprehensive Strategic Partnership. This opens opportunities, including:

  • river basin management
  • dam rehabilitation and improvement
  • sustainable urban water management
  • aquifer mapping and ground water management
  • flood forecasting and real time decision-support systems

Ports and logistics

The Indian government’s Maritime Vision 2030 aims to develop India as a trans-shipment hub. It includes the modernisation of ports and public-private partnerships. There are 58 port-infrastructure projects identified for the National Infrastructure Pipeline. These projects are worth A$9.3 billion.

Opportunities include:

  • design and build opportunities in ports and warehousing
  • ·new systems for port and terminal operations. These could include technologies to improve vessel management and dredging
  • container management systems
  • smart technologies for warehousing design, logistics and containerisation


Infrastructure projects in India are often held back by governance and financing issues. Planning approvals can be slow and complex. Strict regulations cover land use and management. It isn’t common for a non-Indian company to own a major development.

Challenges include:

  • training and skilling of local workforces. This will need more time and resources for advanced and niche technologies
  • strong competition. Companies from countries that provide financial assistance to India may gain preferential treatment on major projects
  • contracts and tenders need thorough due diligence
  • arbitration and dispute resolution can be a time-consuming process
  • the Indian infrastructure sector being well serviced, competitive and highly price sensitive

Success stories

Australian companies have achieved success in India’s infrastructure development. Read their stories:

Please note: This list of websites and resources is not definitive. Inclusion in this list does not imply endorsement by Austrade. The information provided is a guide only. The content is for information and carries no warranty; as such, the addressee must exercise their own discretion in its use. Australia’s anti-bribery laws apply overseas and Austrade will not provide business related services to any party who breaches the law and will report credible evidence of any breach. For further information, please see foreign bribery information and awareness pack.

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