Market profile

With a population of approximately 38 million and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita of over US$12,400, Poland is the largest economy in Central Europe and the sixth largest in the European Union. Central Europe and Poland in particular is often referred to as an economic bright spot in Europe.

GDP growth has been strong and is forecast to continue to grow at around three per cent over the next three years. Poland is ranked 20th worldwide in terms of GDP and classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank. The largest segment of the Polish economy is the services sector (62.3 per cent), followed by industry (34.2 per cent) and agriculture (3.5 per cent).

The Austrade office in Poland is also responsible for markets in Central and South East Europe including Ukraine, Greece, Croatia and Serbia.

More information on doing business in Poland


  • Merchandise exports A$522 million
  • Services exports A$140 million
  • Capital Warsaw
  • Official language Polish
  • Area 306,220 sq km
  • Population 38 million


15 Dec 2022

Poland looks to Australia for METS safety and efficiency solutions

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Information provided by DFAT

Country brief

A comprehensive overview of political, economic and bilateral and regional trade agreements.

» read more at DFAT

Trade and economic fact sheet

Containing general information, recent economic indicators, Australia’s trade and investment relationship with Poland and their global merchandise trade relationship that is updated twice a year.

» read more at DFAT


The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s Smartraveller site provides advice for business travelers and tourists going to Poland. This is regularly updated and should be checked before planning travel.

» read more at DFAT

Business risks

Bribery of Foreign Officials

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a voluntary mechanism which promotes and supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the full publication and verification of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas, and mining.

The EITI is supported by governments, industry, and non-government organisations around the world. The Australian Government supports the EITI and encourages Australian companies operating internationally to comply with its recommendations.

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

Multinational Enterprises should be aware of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises that provide voluntary principles and standards for responsible business behaviour in a variety of areas, consistent with applicable domestic laws. These Guidelines are endorsed and promoted by the Australian Government.

Bilateral agreements

Australia has social security agreements with several countries that address the issue of 'double super coverage' for employees sent to work overseas. To take advantage of these agreements, Australian employers sending employees overseas to work must apply to the Tax Office for a Certificate of coverage.

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Export grants

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EMDG applications can be lodged by approved consultants.

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Free Trade Agreements

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How Austrade can help

Austrade provides information, advice and range of trade services to assist Australian businesses reduce the time, cost and risk associated with exporting.

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