Security and health
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade's Smartraveller site provides
advice for business travellers and tourists going to Cambodia
. This is regularly updated, and should be checked before planning travel.
It is strongly recommended that Australian travellers take out comprehensive travel insurance that will cover any overseas medical costs, before their departure. They should confirm that their insurance covers them for the whole time they will be away and check what circumstances and activities are / are not included in their policy.
It is also recommended that Australian travellers consult Smartraveller to provide greater protection in case of an emergency.
Robbery is a problem and particular care needs to be taken at night.
While there is no legal requirement to have vaccinations before arriving in
Cambodia, it is recommended that visitors ensure they have had the
Tetanus and diphtheria
Doctors also advise that visitors receive immunisation against Japanese
encephalitis, cholera and rabies. Given the number of vaccinations needed,
it is worth planning these well in advance of your trip to Cambodia.
Cambodian medical and health care services are still fairly poor. If
requiring unusual medicines it would be advisable to bring a plentiful
supply as obtaining drugs can take some time. There are several dentists
who are well-equipped to handle most procedures, but it is advisable to
have teeth examined prior to any long-term visits.
Malaria is still present in a number of areas in Cambodia, although in
Phnom Penh and Siem Reap there is very little risk of contacting this
disease. If travelling into the country and coastal areas, it is important
to take malarial prophylactics such as a course of lariam (mefloquine) and
doxcycline (Vibramycin, Doryx), as well as taking the appropriate
preventative measures such as wearing light-coloured clothing, using
mosquito repellents and avoiding highly scented perfumes or aftershave.
Such measures would also help to prevent the onset of dengue fever, a
mosquito-borne disease present in Cambodia particularly in the rainy season
from July to October.
Tap water is unsafe in Cambodia and visitors should drink bottled water,
which is widely available. Tea and coffee are generally safe, but avoid ice
in drinks. Visitors should avoid undercooked meat, shellfish and more
generally, food which has been left out for hours. Fruit which can be
peeled or food which has been boiled or cooked properly is usually safe.