Business risks

Australian companies are advised to spend time investigating the market, obtain professional advice where appropriate and thoroughly investigate the issues in entering the market and before establishing business relationships.

Australian firms wishing to operate in this market should commit to the highest level of corporate behaviour and familiarise themselves with Australia's laws and penalties pertaining to bribery of foreign officials.

Bribery of foreign public officials is a crime. Australian individuals and companies can be prosecuted in Australia for bribing foreign officials when overseas. Further information on the regulations governing bribery of foreign public officials is available.

For further information on frauds, scams, personal and asset security, intellectual property protection and other business risks please read more about legal issues.

Intellectual property protection

Canada’s Intellectual property (IP) regime is administered by the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), an agency of Industry Canada, and is governed under six pieces of federal legislation:

  • The Patent Act
  • The Trade-marks Act
  • The Copyright Act
  • The Industrial Design Act
  • The Integrated Circuit Topography Act
  • The Plant Breeders’ Rights Act.

Patents, trademarks, design and copyright registration may be applied for online through the CIPO website. Applications for registration of integrated circuit topographies (ICT) must be submitted in writing to the CIPO. Plant varieties must be submitted in writing to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency who administer PBR. A local address for service is generally required to register IP in Canada.

Visit CIPO and the IP Australia Canada page for more information on intellectual property protection.

Dispute resolution

Canada’s legal system provides parties with means to settle commercial disputes. Given that commercial litigation can be lengthy and costly and often damages business relationships beyond repair, there is a growing trend in Canada to use alternative dispute resolutions (ADR) methods such as arbitration and mediation in settling commercial disputes.