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Russia is a vast country with a wealth of natural resources.
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Austria joined the European Union (EU) in 1995.
The European Council and the European Commission are based in Brussels.
The French economy is exceptionally diversified and is among the largest economies in the EU.
Germany is the world's fourth biggest economy and largest exporter.
Ireland has been considered as one of the most open trading economies in the world.
Luxembourg has a relatively open and stable economy.
For a country with a small population, the Netherlands has a large and powerful economic position.
Switzerland is an open economy with one of the highest standards of living and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
The UK is the world's seventh largest economy.
Denmark has emerged as holding a pre-eminent position as the gateway to northern and eastern Europe.
Finland has had one of the best performing economies in the EU and its banks largely escaped the worst of the financial crisis.
Norway's economy is today characterised by substantial petroleum revenues, sharp growth in government expenditure, a tight labour market and high cost inflation.
The Swedish economy is heavily dependent on a highly developed and internationally successful industrial sector.
Capital markets responded well to a $1.5 billion Croatian bond issue in 2013.
The Czech economy is making a solid recovery after the global financial crisis.
With a population of approximately 10 million and gross domestic product per capita of US$17,296 (2019), Hungary is an important market in Central Europe.
Poland was the only country in the European Union (EU) to avoid recession as a result of the 2008-09 global financial crisis.
The Slovak Republic is now among the best-performing economies in the European Union.
The main engine of the Greek economy is the services sector.
Italy is a founding member of the European Union.
Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the EU.
While other sectors have suffered since 2008, services, particularly tourism, continue to play an important role.
Bahrain has developed a strong financial centre, offering both onshore and offshore facilities.
Iran is a significant regional economy with a large and fast-growing population.
In 2008, Iraq approved a reconstruction budget totalling $48 billion.
Israel has a technologically advanced market economy with substantial, though diminishing, government participation.
A series of reforms are positioning Jordan as an emerging regional centre.
Kuwait has a small, relatively open economy dominated by the oil industry and government sector.
The government is seeking to increase non-oil revenues.
One of the world’s highest GDP per capita and growth forecasts in the world.
Saudi Arabia is the Middle East's largest economy.
Turkey has increasingly been grouped with the rapidly-growing BRIC economies.
The UAE is a major player in world energy markets.
Kazakhstan’s economy has performed strongly over the last decade.
Ethiopia is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic country.
Ghana’s economy grew faster than any other in the world in 2011.
Kenya is an agriculturally dependent country with the main cash crops being tea and coffee.
Challenging operating environment, with distinct niche areas of opportunity.
Mauritius has successfully moved away from being a low-income, monocrop economy.
The South African economy is in transition.
Tanzania’s economy has become significantly more open, over the past 30 years.
All exchange controls have been abolished in Zambia and since 1991 liberal laws have been introduced to encourage private enterprise.
Egypt is a member of several trade alliances.
Libya’s economic performance in recent years has been poor.
The IMF considers Morocco an emerging market.
India has been one of the world's fastest growing large economies in recent decades.
Nepal's economic growth has been adversely affected by the political uncertainty.
Pakistan's economy is made up of the services, industry/manufacturing and agriculture sectors.
Sri Lanka is characterised by high levels of literacy and life expectancy and a low rate of infant mortality.
Bangladesh remains an agricultural economy, with agriculture contributing around 20 per cent of GDP and employing over 50 per cent of the labour force.
China's increasing middle class and urbanised population is demanding more sophisticated services.
Hong Kong is a major international and regional financial centre.
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Japan is Australia's second largest export market.
Macau has experienced very strong economic growth in recent years.
The biggest opportunity in the future for the economy is in the expansion of the mining and resources sector.
The DPRK has a centrally planned economy that, for the most part, operates outside international economic, banking and trade systems.
Australia's fourth-largest overall trading partner.
Taiwan's economy rebounded strongly after the Global Financial Crisis.
Brunei's small, high-income, open economy is underpinned by revenue from the oil and gas sector.
Cambodia has a relatively open trading regime, and acceded to the WTO in 2004.
The Timorese Government is seeking to use its oil revenues in support of long-term economic development, economic diversification and poverty reduction.
The US armed forces own one-third of the land in Guam and provide about 60 per cent of its income.
The Indonesian economy withstood the global financial crisis better than many analysts expected.
Laos is increasingly open to international trade.
Malaysia is a strong supporter of the multilateral trading system, in particular the World Trade Organization.
Myanmar is a member of the World Trade Organization and ASEAN.
The Philippine economy is the fifth-largest in ASEAN.
Singapore is Australia's largest trade and investment partner in ASEAN.
Australia and Thailand have longstanding and deep connections.
Vietnam became a member of the WTO on 11 January 2007.
Two-way trade is worth nearly $1.6 billion annually.
New Caledonians enjoy a GDP per capita that is slightly higher than New Zealand’s.
Based on trade in goods and services during 2011, New Zealand is now Australia's seventh largest trading partner.
The LNG project represents an enormous growth opportunity.
Shipping and air services directly connect Solomon Islands with Australia.
Vanuatu's economic growth is driven largely by tourism and construction.
Canada has a low population density and a vast wealth of natural resources.
The United States is by far the world's largest economy.
Currently one of only two Latin American members of the OECD.
Although Argentina is an industrialised country, its exports continue to be dominated by agricultural products.
Brazil is the largest economy in Latin America.
The Australia-Chile Free Trade Agreement entered into force on 6 March 2009.
Australia and Colombia enjoy growing commercial relations in mining, energy and education.
Over the last decade, Peru has been very active in engaging the global economy.
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Increased trade creates more Australian jobs and delivers more opportunities for Australian businesses. Find out about how you can take advantage of free trade agreements.
The Export Market Development Grants (EMDG) program supports Australian exporters. It helps more than 5,000 Australian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) start or expand their export business annually.
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