Business hours

Business hours are from 9.00am to 5.00pm, Monday to Friday, with one hour for lunch, usually 12 noon to 1.00pm, which is strictly observed.

Retail stores operate from 10.00am to 7.00pm and are open all day on Saturday and Sunday.

Public holidays

January 1 – New Year's Day
January 9 – Adulthood Day
February 11 – National Foundation Day
April 29 – Greenery Day
May 3 – Constitution Day
May 4 – People's Day
May 5 – Children’s Day
July 20 – Marine Day
September 15 – Respect for the Aged Day
October 9 – Health and Sports Day
November 3 – Culture Day
November 23 – Labour Thanksgiving Day
December 23 – Emperor’s Birthday


Japan has four distinct seasons with hot and humid summers and cold, often freezing winters, particular in the north. Summer is from June to August when temperatures get very hot and humid. August temperatures reach the high 30s and high-mid 90s in humidity.

Tokyo temperatures in August often exceed 30°C and afternoon rain periods are normal, December to March is winter, with the average temperature at 6.8°C. Winter is generally cold and dry with snow in the mountains and northern regions and usually once or twice a year in Tokyo and Osaka.

Spring, from April and May is one of the most beautiful periods, as the temperatures are warmer and the famous cherry blossom season begins.

Generally, Nagoya, Osaka and Fukuoka have similar weather patterns to Tokyo, although the onset of the new season begins slightly earlier in more southwestern locations.

Temperatures in Sapporo (Hokkaido) and Sendai (Tohoku) are much cooler than Tokyo and Osaka, particularly in winter where sub-zero temperatures are common.

Kyushu in the south is generally more temperate than Tokyo and Osaka and much warmer than the northern parts of the main island Honshu and Hokkaido.

For weather details in Japan, please visit the World Meteorological Organization.


Oanda currency converter

The currency is the yen (¥).


24 hour ATMs are widely available and often located in convenience stores. Not all Australian credit cards are accepted at Japanese ATMs, so it is best to check with your bank before travelling.

Time zones and time differences

Japan is one hour behind Australian Eastern Standard Time (EST) and two hours behind during daylight saving.

To find out the current time in Tokyo, view the World Clock.

Dialling codes

Japan's country code is +81.

For calls to Japan from Australia dial: 0011 + 81 + area code + telephone number.

For calls from Japan to Australia dial: 001 + 61 + area code + telephone number.

Find out more about Australian area codes or international dialing codes.

Electricity and water

The electricity supply in Japan:

  • Tokyo and eastern areas such as Sendai and Sapporo - 100 volts AC, 50 cycles; 1, 3 phases, 2, 3 wires.
  • Osaka and western areas such as Nagoya and Fukuoka - 100 volts, AC 60 cycles; 1, 3 phases, 2, 3 wires.

A two flat pin plug is most common.

Links and resources

Travel and tourism

Japanese National Tourist Organization
Narita International Airport

Please note: This list of websites and resources is not definitive. Inclusion in this list does not imply endorsement by Austrade. The information provided is a guide only. The content is for information and carries no warranty; as such, the addressee must exercise their own discretion in its use. Australia’s anti-bribery laws apply overseas and Austrade will not provide business related services to any party who breaches the law and will report credible evidence of any breach. For further information, please see foreign bribery information and awareness pack.