Business hours

Official hours of business, including government are from 9.00am-5.00pm, Monday to Friday.

Bank hours are 9.00am-6.00pm, Monday to Friday, though some banks are open later in the evening, and on Saturdays and Sundays. Opening hours should be confirmed in advance.

Retail hours often extend late into the evening, with 10.00pm a typical closing time.

Most business is conducted in the office, however, some business is conducted in social environments such as restaurants.

Public holidays

January 1 – New Year's Day
January 7 – Orthodox Christmas
March 8 – International Women's Day
May 1 – May Day
May 9 – Victory Day
June 12 – Independence Day
November 7 – Revolution Day
December 12 – Constitution Day


Russia has varying climates:

  • In the most northerly regions, the weather is quite harsh with an average January temperature of -34ºC. 
  • A milder climate is experienced in the south-eastern region, with an average temperature in July of 7ºC. 
  • Summer temperatures regularly reach 30ºC in western regions around Moscow and St Petersburg.

For weather details in Russia, please visit the World Meteorological Organization.


The official currency is the Russian rouble.

Oanda currency converter

If you are carrying more than US$10,000 or more in any currency, you are required to fill in a declaration form on arrival at the airport. Carrying large amounts of cash, should be avoided in all instances.

The Russian banking system operates in a manner similar to western practice. Most transactions are conducted through the banking system and not in cash, ATM machines are widely available.

Exchange points and banks are widely available throughout cities and most Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries.

Ensure the following when choosing an exchange point:

  • the display rate out the front is not a special rate applicable from US$1000 upwards
  • it is located in a well-lit location
  • it only admits customers one at a time.

US dollars and Euros are the easiest currencies to exchange. It is not always possible to exchange Australian dollars and rates are usually not favourable.

International credit cards are generally acceptable, particularly in the main metropolitan centres of Moscow and St Petersburg. If you are travelling in other parts of Russia, it is recommended to check on the availability of ATMs and whether the hotel where you are staying accepts international credit cards. Many hotels offer basic banking facilities such as currency exchange and cash advances on your credit card.

Traveller’s cheques are not widely used in Russia/CIS.

Time zones and time differences

There are 11 time zones across Russia and there is no daylight saving.

Moscow is seven to eight hours behind Australian east coast time zones depending on the time of year.

Vladivostok is in the same time zone as Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, and is one hour behind owing to Australia's summer daylight saving.

To find out the current time in Russia, view the World Clock.

Dialling codes

Russia’s country code is 7.

For calls to Russia from Australia dial: 0011 + 7 + area code + telephone number.

For calls from Russia to Australia dial: 8 + 10 + 61 + area code + telephone number. From your mobile phone, you can dial +61 + area code + telephone.

Find out more about Australian area codes or international dialing codes.

Electricity and water

Russia’s power supply is 220 volts, 50Hz. The round two-pin European plugs are the most common.

Links and resources

Travel and tourism

Federal Agency for Tourism of Russian Federation

Please note: This list of websites and resources is not definitive. Inclusion in this list does not imply endorsement by Austrade. The information provided is a guide only. The content is for information and carries no warranty; as such, the addressee must exercise their own discretion in its use. Australia’s anti-bribery laws apply overseas and Austrade will not provide business related services to any party who breaches the law and will report credible evidence of any breach. For further information, please see foreign bribery information and awareness pack.