I want to export apparel to USA for the first time - where do I start?
The Austrade website contains general advice on
how to prepare for export
and you can also refer to
procedural advice from the Department of
Immigration and Border Protection
, including the comprehensive
Export Control Manual
By engaging a
they can assist you
with lodgement of export declarations
. You can also refer to the Austrade website for
and other considerations.
To answer your question of who is responsible for what,
it depends on the situation and the Incoterms you use.
Incoterms are a set of three-letter acronyms that
divide responsibility and risk between buyers and
sellers in international trade.
Incoterms have been put together by the
International Chamber of Commerce
and you can refer to
this link for a table that breaks down the
You should be using Incoterms when engaging in
international trade as, in addition to breaking down
language barriers, they clearly define:
- Who is responsible for the cost of transporting the
goods, including insurance, taxes and duties
- Where the goods should be picked up from and
- Who is responsible for the goods at each step during
Note that they do not define when you get paid and this
needs to be stipulated separately.
For imports into the USA, there needs to be an importer of record responsible for the duties taxes and fees levied by
US Customs. This is generally a company or entity with
a physical address and IRS registration in the USA. You
can speak to the buyer about this or, if they aren't
willing to be listed as the receiver the goods, a
freight forwarder here in Australia
with a presence in the USA.
the US Customs and Border Protection website, a
foreign company exporting to the United States does not
need to have an 'importer of record' if they have a 'resident' agent appointed to act on
their behalf such as a Customs Broker named through CBP
'Power of Attorney' in the USA. This link to the
DHL – US Customs Import Guide gives an overview of their Importer of Record service
and POA requests (page 5).
The US CBP may inspect the goods for compliance with US
textile and apparel regulations. See below information
"Textiles and apparel must list country of origin, fibre content and fabric
care instructions. The US Federal Trade Commission has produced a guide to
help companies comply with federal labelling requirements for textiles and
Threading Your Way Through the Labeling Requirements Under the Textile
and Wool Acts."
For general advice on exporting, see Guide to Exporting.