Initiatives such as national personal health records (My Health Record),secondary use of data and the Digital Hospitals Handbook are driving digital health reform, putting Australia at the forefront of standardisation.
In addition, Australia is committed to a national interoperable
infrastructure that allows innovators to create new digital health products
and services. Digital health companies can focus on developing products and
services that are not only safe and effective, meet user needs and improve
current solutions, but do so in a market that provides a clear framework to
validate and commercialise new products nationally and internationally.
Australia’s strict policy and regulatory framework also gives investors
confidence that their path to market is streamlined and reliable.
Australia’s National Health Infrastructure
Australia is focussed on developing a world-leading national digital health
capability. There has been a multi-billion dollar spend on national health
infrastructure and an ongoing commitment to developing and managing it. 
This includes supply chain, health identifiers, authentication services and
the national electronic patient record, My Health Record, rolled out across
Australia in 2018. By 2022, the first regions in Australia will showcase
comprehensive interoperability across health service provision. 
The Australian Digital Health Agency (ADHA) manages the design, delivery
and operations of the national digital healthcare system including the My
Health Record system.
My Health Record
Over 90 per cent of Australia’s population will have a national personal
health record, My Health Record, from February 2019
. This means that health and care providers can implement safe and
efficient digitally enabled clinical workflows on the basis that most of
their patients will have their own shared digital health record. The My
Health Record system will become a key element of Australia’s digital
health infrastructure, as well as providing a platform for additional
innovations into the future.
My Health Record provides significant opportunities for business to
integrate with the solution, such as building mobile apps for patients.
This developer program is
open to international companies.
A secondary use of data framework has also been developed to manage the use
of My Health Record data, with patient consent, for purposes such as
research. This is overseen by the
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
Regulatory and Standards Leadership
Australia’s health sector is a world leader in regulatory development. For
example, Standards Australia’s 2017
Digital Hospital Handbook
is a world-first. A handbook for private and public health systems, it
applies a contemporary digital lens over the model of care and design of
hospitals. As the first of its kind in the world, it showcases Australia’s
competitiveness and capacity for innovation.
Another example is the Australian Refined Diagnosis Related Group
classification system (AR-DRG) for diseases, used worldwide.
Skills in FHIR and Healthdata interoperability
Australia’s health sector is an early adopter of interoperability
standards. For example, Graham Grieve, the founder of Fast Healthcare
Interoperability Resources (FHIR), is
The Australian Digital Health Agency’s
National Terminology Server
provides FHIR-based access to monthly releases of Australian SNOMED
Clinical Terms (CT-AU). CSIRO also enables the private and public health
sectors in Australia to access Ontoserver to support the use of