3. TREATMENT AND OTHER CONTROL MEASURES

Pest-free areas

An importing country authority may recognise that Australia, or a certain area within Australia, is free of a particular pest. If this is the case, then export commodities may be sourced from these pest-free areas without the need for any treatments. DAWR may require evidence of a pest-free area. Further information can be found in the Work Instruction: Validating supporting documents for plant exports.

Phytosanitary treatments

If Australia, or a certain area in Australia, is not free of a particular pest, then a phytosanitary treatment may be required by the importing country's authority. Phytosanitary treatments can include a range of processes – such as temperature, fumigation or irradiation – that are applied after harvest and prior to export. It is important to note that certain treatments may only be available in certain locations in Australia and so exporters need to consider potential transport costs.

Treatments may also involve the application of a pesticide during the growing and storage of the crops. All treatments applied onshore in Australia must comply with any local, state or Commonwealth requirements. For example, the use of agricultural chemical pesticides must comply with the requirements of the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA). An importing country authority may also set additional requirements for particular treatments. For example, an importing country authority may set maximum residue limits for certain chemicals.

DAWR may require evidence of a treatment that has been applied to plant export commodities. Further information can be found in the Work Instruction: Validating supporting documents for plant exports.

Timeframe for application of phytosanitary treatments

This covers the application of the treatment and does not include any logistics before or after the treatment.

  • Onshore cold treatment – up to 3–4 weeks and must be completed before transport to importing country
  • In-transit cold treatment – up to 3–4 weeks but can be completed during transport to importing country
  • Irradiation treatment – up to 24 hours
  • Methyl bromide fumigation – up to 24 hours.

What you need to do