Australia has been actively supporting the development of AI through a number of programs, including:
- July 2017: the Australian Government announced $50 million to establish a Defence Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) in Trusted Autonomous Systems.
- December 2017: the South Australian Government announced a $7.1 million co-investment to establish the Australian Institute of Machine Learning (AIML) at the University of Adelaide.
- May 2018: the Australian Government announced $29.9 million to advance AI and machine learning, a substantial portion of which was directed to supporting Cooperative Research Centre Projects (CRC-P), PhD scholarships and school related learning
- October 2018: the Queensland Government announced establishment of a new Queensland AI Hub in Brisbane, with a total $3 million investment.
- November 2018: the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) announced a $19 million initiative around AI and ML targeted at solutions for areas including food security, health, energy, resilient environments, and security, and its Future Science Platform.
- May 2019: Australia alongside Japan committed to the OECD Principles on Artificial Intelligence.
- June 2019: Australia alongside Japan committed to the G20 AI Principles as part of the G20 Ministerial Meeting on Trade and the Digital Economy.
- October 2019: the Australian Government announced $31.8 million in funding for the Australian Research Council (ARC) Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society, to be hosted at RMIT University.
- November 2019: the Australian Government released Australia’s AI Ethics Framework and began a pilot to trial Australia’s voluntary AI Ethics Principles in six organisations.
- November 2019: the Australian Government released Australia’s AI Technology Roadmap (authored by CSIRO Data61) highlighting key areas for future focus on Australian AI capability and where we have competitive strength internationally, including:
- November 2019: the Australian Government held a national AI summit, Techtonic: Shaping Australia’s AI Future, hosting over 100 AI experts to discuss the future of AI in Australia.
- March 2020: Standards Australia released their Artificial Intelligence Standards Roadmap to guide Australia’s approach to standards development.
- June 2020: the Australian Government announced $19 million for AI health projects to improve the ways we prevent, diagnose and treat a wide range of health conditions.
- July 2020: Australia became a founding member alongside Japan of the Global Partnership on AI (GPAI), to steward the responsible development and use of AI technologies.
- August 2020: the New South Wales Government announced the release of its AI Strategy, which outlines how it plans to use AI to promote employment and improve service delivery.