Chinese education exports reach $10 billion

07 Jun 2018

Tags

  • International education

The Australian Bureau of Statistics has released their biannual supplementary data to publication 5368.0 - International Trade in Goods and Services, which provides detailed breakdowns of international education exports by market, sector and state by calendar year. 

Chinese education related personal travel exports reached $10 billion for the first time, an increase of $1.9 billion. Despite the percentage growth slowing from 35 per cent in 2016 to 24 per cent in 2017, the annual increase in dollars was $1.9 billion for both years. Chinese enrolments increased by 18 per cent in 2017, and have increased by 16 per cent for the January to March 2018 period.

Total education related personal travel exports for 2017 remained unchanged at $30,263 million or $30.3 billion. This represented a 17 per cent or $4.47 billion increase on 2016, higher than the 2016 increase of 13 per cent or $3.05 billion on 2015. 

Education exports by market, top 10 markets by 2017 exports

2016 change

on 2015

2017 exports

($millions)

2017 exports

($billions)

2017 change

on 2016

Compound annual

growth rate,

2013 to 2017

China 35% 10,014 10.0 24% 21% 
India 11% 3,431 3.4 19% 24% 
Malaysia 26% 1,334 1.3 12% 13% 
Nepal 9% 1,304 1.3 50% 26% 
Vietnam -5% 1,254 1.3 7% 7% 
Korea  -4% 966 0.3 6% 3% 
Indonesia 4% 833 0.8 9% 7% 
Thailand -9% 819 0.8 9% 8% 
Hong Kong 27% 785 0.8
10% 13% 
Brazil -3% 777 0.8
28% 18% 
 Other  markets 5%   8,743 8.7  12%  10% 
 Total (all markets) 13%  30,263   30.3 17%  15% 

Exports from seven of the top ten markets grew faster in 2017 than they did in 2016 (India, Nepal, Vietnam, Korea, Indonesia, Thailand and Brazil).

The fastest growing top 50 markets by 2017 exports included Nepal (50 per cent increase), Mongolia (39 per cent), Turkey, Sri Lanka and Colombia (all up 34 per cent) and Kenya (32 per cent).

All sectors experienced double digit growth in exports in 2017.

Vocational Education and Training (VET) led the growth with an 18.7 per cent increase, followed by Higher Education (17.7 per cent) and ELICOS (17.7 per cent). Non award and Schools exports grew moderately but below the overall trend, with increases of 16.4 per cent and 13.7 per cent respectively.

State and Territory

 

2016 exports

($millions)

2016 change

on 2015

2017 exports

($millions)

2017 change

on 2016

 NSW  9,359 14.2% 11,285 20.6%
 VIC  8,323  13.9%  9,851 18.4%
 QLD 3,836  10.4%  4,367  13.8%
 WA  1,811 12.8%   1,877 3.6% 
 SA  1,408 15.0%   1,540  9.4%
 ACT  706  18.7%  879  24.5%
 TAS  266 9.9%  376   41.4%
 NT  83 -7.8%  88   6.0%
TOTAL  25,792 13.40%  30,263  17.30% 

New South Wales and Victoria accounted for a combined 77 per cent of the overall increase in exports, while Tasmania led percentage growth in exports with 41.4 per cent. Tasmania experienced a surge in enrolments in 2017 with 32 per cent growth, led by increases from Chinese students in higher education and VET. 

The full data set can be found on the ABS website here.